Volume 41, Issue 11 p. 1704-1718
REVIEW ARTICLE

Aluminium in cosmetics and personal care products

Sonia Sanajou

Corresponding Author

Sonia Sanajou

Faculty of Pharmacy, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Turkey

Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence

Sonia Sanajou, Faculty of Pharmacy, Eastern Mediterranean University, 99628 Famagusta, North Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Turkey and Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara, 06100, Turkey.

Email: [email protected];

[email protected];

[email protected]

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Gönül Şahin

Gönül Şahin

Faculty of Pharmacy, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Turkey

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Terken Baydar

Terken Baydar

Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

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First published: 15 August 2021
Citations: 11

Abstract

Usage of inorganic ingredients like aluminium salts in cosmetics and personal care products has been a concern for producers and consumers. Although aluminium is used to treat hyperhidrosis, some worries have been raised about aluminium's role in breast cancer, breast cyst and Alzheimer's disease. The human population is exposed to aluminium from vaccines, diet, and drinking water, but the frequent use of aluminium-based cosmetics might add additional local exposure. This paper reviews literature to determine if aluminium-based products may pose potential harm to the body. The dermal absorption of aluminium is not widely understood. It is not yet known whether aluminium can travel from the skin to brain to cause Alzheimer's disease. Aluminium may cause gene instability, alter gene expression or enhance oxidative stress, but the carcinogenicity of aluminium has not been proved yet. Until now, epidemiological researches were based on oral information, which lacks consistency, and the results are conflicting. Future studies should target real-life-based long-time exposure to antiperspirants and other aluminium-containing cosmetics and personal care products.

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